The Late Roman Settlement on the Necropolis of Antandros

Evren Açar

Ege University Institute of Social Sciences Classical Archaeology

The Late Roman Settlement on the Necropolis of Antandros, Master’s Dissertation

2017

The current thesis named ‘The Late Roman Settlement on the Necropolis of Antandros’ focuses on nine buildings of the Late Roman Settlement situated on the Necropolis Area of the Troadic city of Antandros and studies them in conjunction with the finds recovered between 2001-2011 in and around these buildings. The aim of the study is to find out the functions of the buildings and to determine the periods under which the settlement was used.

Together, evaluation of the available finds and buildings have demonstrated that the settlement was used between 325-541 AD. The periods of use are divided into three phases.

Coins, ESA, ESB, ESC (Çandarlı), Phocaean, Cypriot and Lihgt Colored ceramics, amphorae and lamps were unearthed in an around the buildings. The reasons behind the disappearance of the coins around the mid-5 th century AD despite the continuity of ceramics in the settlement were identified as the economy based on exchange activities and the unsuccessful campaign to North Africa.

ESA and ESB ceramics belong to the period that the settlement was used as a necropolis area. The ceramics related to the settlement layers begin with ESC (Çandarlı) and continue with Phocaean ceramics. The chronological hiatus between the Çandarlı and Phocaean ceramics was made up for with the help of coins. The settlement peaked in the Late 4th century – mid-5 th century AD.

The settlement was possibly abandoned due to the Plague of Justinian in 541 AD which was carried from North Africa. By the end of the outbreak nearly half of the population was lost and the survivors moved to the safer settlements inside the city walls.

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